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updater: add zone_transfer_server updater

tags/v2.3.0
cn 1 year ago
parent
commit
3a9c2d65fb
  1. 1
      CHANGELOG.md
  2. 67
      README.md
  3. 1
      dyndnsd.gemspec
  4. 3
      lib/dyndnsd.rb
  5. 158
      lib/dyndnsd/updater/zone_transfer_server.rb

1
CHANGELOG.md

@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
IMPROVEMENTS:
- Allow enabling debug logging
- Add updater that uses [DNS zone transfers via AXFR (RFC5936)](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5936) to allow any secondary nameserver(s) to fetch the zone contents after (optionally) receiving a [DNS NOTIFY (RFC1996)](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1996) request
## 2.2.0 (March 6, 2020)

67
README.md

@ -4,16 +4,20 @@
A small, lightweight and extensible DynDNS server written with Ruby and Rack.
## Description
dyndnsd.rb aims to implement a small [DynDNS-compliant](https://help.dyn.com/remote-access-api/) server in Ruby supporting IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. It has an integrated user and hostname database in its configuration file that is used for authentication and authorization. Besides talking the DynDNS protocol it is able to invoke a so-called *updater*, a small Ruby module that takes care of supplying the current hostname => ip mapping to a DNS server.
There is currently one updater shipped with dyndnsd.rb `command_with_bind_zone` that writes out a zone file in BIND syntax onto the current system and invokes a user-supplied command afterwards that is assumed to trigger the DNS server (not necessarily BIND since its zone files are read by other DNS servers, too) to reload its zone configuration.
There are currently two updaters shipped with dyndnsd.rb:
- `zone_transfer_server` that uses [DNS zone transfers via AXFR (RFC5936)](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5936) to allow any secondary nameserver(s) to fetch the zone contents after (optionally) receiving a [DNS NOTIFY (RFC1996)](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1996) request
- `command_with_bind_zone` that writes out a zone file in BIND syntax onto the current system and invokes a user-supplied command afterwards that is assumed to trigger the DNS server (not necessarily BIND since its zone files are read by other DNS servers, too) to reload its zone configuration
Because of the mechanisms used, dyndnsd.rb is known to work only on \*nix systems.
See the [changelog](CHANGELOG.md) before upgrading. The older version 1.x of dyndnsd.rb is still available on [branch dyndnsd-1.x](https://github.com/cmur2/dyndnsd/tree/dyndnsd-1.x).
## General Usage
Install the gem:
@ -62,11 +66,57 @@ Run dyndnsd.rb by:
dyndnsd /path/to/config.yaml
## Using dyndnsd.rb with [NSD](https://www.nlnetlabs.nl/nsd/)
NSD is a nice, open source, authoritative-only, low-memory DNS server that reads BIND-style zone files (and converts them into its own database) and has a simple config file.
## Using dyndnsd.rb with any nameserver via DNS zone transfers (AXFR)
By using [DNS zone transfers via AXFR (RFC5936)](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5936) any secondary nameserver can retrieve the DNS zone contents from dyndnsd.rb and serve them to clients.
To speedup propagation after changes dyndnsd.rb can issue a [DNS NOTIFY (RFC1996)](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1996) to inform the nameserver that the DNS zone contents changed and should be fetched even before the time indicated in the SOA record is up.
Currently dyndnsd.rb does not support any authentication for incoming DNS zone transfer requests so it should be isolated from the internet on these ports.
This approach has several advantages:
- dyndnsd.rb can be used in *hidden primary* fashion isolated from client's DNS traffic and does not need to implement full nameserver features
- any existing, production-grade, caching, geo-replicated nameserver setup can be used to pull DNS zone contents from the *hidden primary* dyndnsd.rb and serve it to clients
- any nameserver(s) and dyndnsd.rb do not need to be located on the same host
A feature NSD is lacking is the [Dynamic DNS update](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2136) functionality BIND offers but one can fake it using the following dyndnsd.rb config:
Example dyndnsd.rb configuration:
```yaml
host: "0.0.0.0"
port: 8245 # the DynDNS.com alternative HTTP port
db: "/opt/dyndnsd/db.json"
domain: "dyn.example.org"
updater:
name: "zone_transfer_server"
params:
# endpoint(s) to listen for incoming zone transfer (AXFR) requests, default 0.0.0.0@53
server_listens:
- 127.0.0.1@5300
# where to send DNS NOTIFY request(s) to on zone content change
send_notifies:
- '127.0.0.1'
# TTL for all records in the zone (in seconds)
zone_ttl: 300 # 5m
# zone's NS record(s) (at least one)
zone_nameservers:
- "dns.example.org."
# info for zone's SOA record
zone_email_address: "admin.example.org."
# zone's additional A/AAAA records
zone_additional_ips:
- "127.0.0.1"
users:
foo:
password: "secret"
hosts:
- foo.example.org
```
## Using dyndnsd.rb with [NSD](https://www.nlnetlabs.nl/projects/nsd/about/)
NSD is a nice, open source, authoritative-only, low-memory DNS server that reads BIND-style zone files (and converts them into its own database) and has a simple configuration file.
A feature NSD is lacking is the [Dynamic DNS update (RFC2136)](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2136) functionality BIND offers but one can fake it using the following dyndnsd.rb configuration:
```yaml
host: "0.0.0.0"
@ -95,12 +145,15 @@ users:
Start dyndnsd.rb before NSD to make sure the zone file exists else NSD complains.
## Using dyndnsd.rb with X
Please provide ideas if you are using dyndnsd.rb with other DNS servers :)
## Advanced topics
### Update URL
The update URL you want to tell your clients (humans or scripts ^^) consists of the following
@ -117,6 +170,7 @@ where:
* MYIP is optional and the HTTP client's IP address will be used if missing
* MYIP6 is optional but if present also requires presence of MYIP
### IP address determination
The following rules apply:
@ -127,14 +181,17 @@ The following rules apply:
If you want to provide an additional IPv6 address as myip6 parameter, the myip parameter containing an IPv4 address has to be present, too! No automatism is applied then.
### SSL, multiple listen ports
Use a webserver as a proxy to handle SSL and/or multiple listen addresses and ports. DynDNS.com provides HTTP on port 80 and 8245 and HTTPS on port 443.
### Init scripts
The [Debian 6 init.d script](init.d/debian-6-dyndnsd) assumes that dyndnsd.rb is installed into the system ruby (no RVM support) and the config.yaml is at /opt/dyndnsd/config.yaml. Modify to your needs.
### Monitoring
For monitoring dyndnsd.rb uses the [metriks](https://github.com/eric/metriks) framework and exposes several metrics like the number of unauthenticated requests, requests that did (not) update a hostname, etc. By default the most important metrics are shown in the [proctitle](https://github.com/eric/metriks#proc-title-reporter) but you can also configure a [Graphite](https://graphiteapp.org/) backend for central monitoring or the [textfile_reporter](https://github.com/prometheus/node_exporter/#textfile-collector) which outputs Graphite-style metrics that are also compatible with Prometheus to a file.
@ -174,6 +231,7 @@ users:
password: "ihavenohosts"
```
### Tracing (experimental)
For tracing, dyndnsd.rb is instrumented using the [OpenTracing](http://opentracing.io/) framework and will emit span tracing data for the most important operations happening during the request/response cycle. Using a middleware for Rack allows handling incoming OpenTracing span information properly.
@ -213,6 +271,7 @@ users:
password: "ihavenohosts"
```
## License
dyndnsd.rb is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0. See LICENSE for more information.

1
dyndnsd.gemspec

@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ Gem::Specification.new do |s|
s.required_ruby_version = '>= 2.3'
s.add_runtime_dependency 'async-dns', '~> 1.2.0'
s.add_runtime_dependency 'jaeger-client', '~> 0.10.0'
s.add_runtime_dependency 'metriks'
s.add_runtime_dependency 'opentracing', '~> 0.5.0'

3
lib/dyndnsd.rb

@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ require 'rack/tracer'
require 'dyndnsd/generator/bind'
require 'dyndnsd/updater/command_with_bind_zone'
require 'dyndnsd/updater/zone_transfer_server'
require 'dyndnsd/responder/dyndns_style'
require 'dyndnsd/responder/rest_style'
require 'dyndnsd/database'
@ -317,6 +318,8 @@ module Dyndnsd
case config.dig('updater', 'name')
when 'command_with_bind_zone'
updater = Updater::CommandWithBindZone.new(config['domain'], config.dig('updater', 'params'))
when 'zone_transfer_server'
updater = Updater::ZoneTransferServer.new(config['domain'], config.dig('updater', 'params'))
end
daemon = Daemon.new(config, db, updater)

158
lib/dyndnsd/updater/zone_transfer_server.rb

@ -0,0 +1,158 @@
# frozen_string_literal: true
require 'resolv'
require 'securerandom'
require 'async/dns'
module Dyndnsd
module Updater
class ZoneTransferServer
DEFAULT_SERVER_LISTENS = ['0.0.0.0@53'].freeze
# @param domain [String]
# @param updater_params [Hash{String => Object}]
def initialize(domain, updater_params)
@domain = domain
@server_listens = self.class.parse_endpoints(updater_params['server_listens'] || DEFAULT_SERVER_LISTENS)
@notify_targets = (updater_params['send_notifies'] || []).map { |e| self.class.parse_endpoints([e]) }
@zone_rr_ttl = updater_params['zone_ttl']
@zone_nameservers = updater_params['zone_nameservers'].map { |n| Resolv::DNS::Name.create(n) }
@zone_email_address = Resolv::DNS::Name.create(updater_params['zone_email_address'])
@zone_additional_ips = updater_params['zone_additional_ips'] || []
@server = ZoneTransferServerHelper.new(@server_listens, @domain)
# run Async::DNS server in background thread
Thread.new do
@server.run
end
end
# @param db [Dyndnsd::Database]
# @return [void]
def update(db)
Helper.span('updater_update') do |span|
span.set_tag('dyndnsd.updater.name', self.class.name&.split('::')&.last || 'None')
soa_rr = Resolv::DNS::Resource::IN::SOA.new(
@zone_nameservers[0], @zone_email_address,
db['serial'],
10_800, # 3h
300, # 5m
604_800, # 1w
3_600 # 1h
)
default_options = {ttl: @zone_rr_ttl}
# array containing all resource records for an AXFR request in the right order
rrs = []
# AXFR responses need to start with zone's SOA RR
rrs << [soa_rr, default_options]
# return RRs for all of the zone's nameservers
@zone_nameservers.each do |ns|
rrs << [Resolv::DNS::Resource::IN::NS.new(ns), default_options]
end
# return A/AAAA RRs for all additional IPv4s/IPv6s for the domain itself
@zone_additional_ips.each do |ip|
rrs << [create_addr_rr_for_ip(ip), default_options]
end
# return A/AAAA RRs for the dyndns hostnames
db['hosts'].each do |hostname, ips|
ips.each do |ip|
rrs << [create_addr_rr_for_ip(ip), default_options.merge({name: hostname})]
end
end
# AXFR responses need to end with zone's SOA RR again
rrs << [soa_rr, default_options]
# point Async::DNS server thread's variable to this new RR array
@server.axfr_rrs = rrs
# only send DNS NOTIFY if there really was a change
if db.changed?
send_dns_notify
end
end
end
# converts into suitable parameter form for Async::DNS::Resolver or Async::DNS::Server
#
# @param endpoint_list [Array{String}]
# @return [Array{Array{Object}}]
def self.parse_endpoints(endpoint_list)
endpoint_list.map { |addr_string| addr_string.split('@') }
.map { |addr_parts| [addr_parts[0], addr_parts[1].to_i || 53] }
.map { |addr| [:tcp, :udp].map { |type| [type] + addr } }
.flatten(1)
end
private
# creates correct Resolv::DNS::Resource object for IP address type
#
# @param ip_string [String]
# @return [Resolv::DNS::Resource::IN::A,Resolv::DNS::Resource::IN::AAAA]
def create_addr_rr_for_ip(ip_string)
ip = IPAddr.new(ip_string).native
if ip.ipv6?
Resolv::DNS::Resource::IN::AAAA.new(ip.to_s)
else
Resolv::DNS::Resource::IN::A.new(ip.to_s)
end
end
# https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1996
#
# @return [void]
def send_dns_notify
Async::Reactor.run do
@notify_targets.each do |notify_target|
target = Async::DNS::Resolver.new(notify_target)
# assemble DNS NOTIFY message
request = Resolv::DNS::Message.new(SecureRandom.random_number(2**16))
request.opcode = Resolv::DNS::OpCode::Notify
request.add_question("#{@domain}.", Resolv::DNS::Resource::IN::SOA)
_response = target.dispatch_request(request)
end
end
end
end
class ZoneTransferServerHelper < Async::DNS::Server
attr_accessor :axfr_rrs
def initialize(endpoints, domain)
super(endpoints, logger: Dyndnsd.logger)
@domain = domain
end
# @param name [String]
# @param resource_class [Resolv::DNS::Resource]
# @param transaction [Async::DNS::Transaction]
# @return [void]
def process(name, resource_class, transaction)
if name != @domain || resource_class != Resolv::DNS::Resource::Generic::Type252_Class1
transaction.fail!(:NXDomain)
return
end
# https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5936
transaction.append_question!
@axfr_rrs.each do |rr|
transaction.add([rr[0]], rr[1])
end
end
end
end
end
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