Utility to detect stale resources in Kubernetes clusters based on local manifests
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README.md

kube-stale-resources

Build Status

This is a utility to detect stale resources in Kubernetes clusters between resources from YAML manifests supplied via local file or stdin (target state) and a Kubernetes cluster (live state). All resources that exist in the live state but not in the target state are considered stale as they deviate from the intended state of the Kubernetes cluster (closed world assumption). It is intended as a complement to kubectl diff.

Using a blacklist you can ignore resources from the live state from the comparison so they are not considered stale even though they do not exist in the given target state. This is useful when those resources are created by Kubernetes itself (e.g. the kubernetes service in the default namespace), managed by the Kubernetes cluster provider or another tool outside the scope.

A use case for kube-stale-resources is using it alongside kubectl diff on locally present YAML manifests so kubectl diff can detect newly created Kubernetes resources and changes to those resources and kube-stale-resources can alert the user on stale resources that should be deleted from the cluster.

Limitations:

  • currently only works on namespaced resources
  • currently requires explicit metadata.namespace field even for resources in default namespace
  • requires unauthenticated HTTP(S) access to Kubernetes apiserver, e.g. via kubectl proxy
  • only accounts for apiVersion deprecations up until Kubernetes 1.16

Usage

You need Python 3.8 or higher.

Assuming you have a properly setup .kube/config (e.g. using minikube after a successful minikube start) running:

kubectl proxy &

# ignore minikube resources
cat <<EOF > blacklist.txt
^kubernetes-dashboard:.*$
^default:events.k8s.io/v1beta1:Event:minikube..*$
EOF

# orderly created resource using YAML manifest in e.g. git
cat <<EOF > version-controlled-resources.yml
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: foo
  namespace: default
spec:
  type: ClusterIP
  ports:
    - port: 80
      name: http
      targetPort: 80
  selector:
    app: foo
EOF
kubectl apply -f version-controlled-resources.yml

# on-the-fly created resource using imperative command
kubectl create service clusterip bar --tcp='8080:8080'

cat version-controlled-resources.yml | python kube-stale-resources.py -f - --blacklist blacklist.txt

This should yield a similar output to as we ignored what minikube sets up by default (e.g. the whole kubernetes-dashboard namespace):

Reading blacklist file blacklist.txt...
Retrieving target state...
Retrieving live state from http://localhost:8001...
Live dynamic configmaps that are not in target (stale):
.. 0 entries

Live resources w/o dynamic configmaps that are not in target (stale):
  default:v1:Service:bar
.. 1 entries

Run python kube-stale-resources.py -h for full list of options.

Blacklisting

Example blacklist file for a cluster on GKE that also uses cert-manager:

^.*:v1:ResourceQuota:gke-resource-quotas$
^default:v1:LimitRange:limits$

^.*:certmanager.k8s.io/v1alpha1:Order:.*$

In general a blacklist file contains one regular expression per line that are matched against a string of format <namespace-name>:<apiVersion>:<kind>:<resource-name> for each resource.

License

kube-stale-resources is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0. See LICENSE for more information